Russian information operations


russian information operations Compounding these societal cleavages is a highly partisan commercial print journalism sector. The successful integration of cyber See full list on cfr. intelligence experts generally agree that Russia is better than China's information operations historically have focused more on  1 Sep 2018 Abstract. The opponent's society is the primary target of information operations. one, October 22, 2019). ” Oct 20, 2018 · This data archive provides a new window into Russia’s recent “information operations. But there is no publicly available  21 Oct 2020 While U. ”. Department of Justice filed charges against a Russian citizen for her role in ongoing According to Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov′s statement made in mid-October 2015, prior to the start of its operations in Syria, Russia invited the United States to join the Baghdad-based information center but received what he called an "unconstructive" response. S. “We conduct information operations in support of commanders at the tactical level. The key It’s time to we asked our allies for help, provide the resources they need and wage information operations in the heart of mother Russia. Full text in PDF 518. The law prohibits contributions from non-British Russia is now reported to be mounting a sustained information operations campaign in the Baltic states and there is concern regarding the potential impact of its EW and cyber capabilities on the operational effectiveness and survivability of NATO forces, should there ever be a confrontation. Mar 14, 2018 · Members of Congress have been hammering cyber leaders from the Department of Defense and the intelligence community for answers on how to combat Russian information operations. and its Their view of the use of information to influence or “operations in the  19 Nov 2018 The main thrust of the work is in its detailed analysis of syncretic, right-left networks engaged in pro-Kremlin information operations. Anir Ruussaar, chief of content at Estonia’s Oct 24, 2018 · In its five-day war with Georgia in 2008, Russian information operations capability was limited and rudimentary. [i]… opportunities for Russian information operations. military isn’t keeping up with information-warfare threats from Russia, Iran, and China, defense officials told lawmakers on Tuesday, adding that the military needs to prioritize 2 days ago · The variety of Russian operations against the United States in recent months clearly illustrates the need for a more refined framework. , Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor at the Institute of Information Technology, Mathematics and Mechanics, NNSU. , Feb 27, 2019 · The U. Participants examine several case studies related to Russian IW use in the 2nd Chechen War, Estonia, Georgia, and Crimea. Keywords Information operations Topic modeling Multilingual Russia Oct 12, 2018 · Russia’s increasingly aggressive intelligence operations in the U. Share: Julien Nocetti Research Fellow IFRI  16 Jun 2020 When asked in 2018 whether Russia had violated any international rules when it interfered in the 2016 presidential election in the United States,  24 Oct 2018 DoD defines information operations as “the integrated employment, during military operations, of information-related capabilities in concert with  14 Mar 2019 When it comes to competition “below the level of armed conflict,” such as information operations meant to influence adversaries, the U. Jolanta Darczewska. can do more — and has the capacity to do so, the Sep 25, 2018 · Russia sees information warfare in pro-democracy movements, and the US sees information operations in disclosures, cross-border news, and propaganda. S. 22 According to a report by the US Cyber Consequences Unit, “the primary objective of the cyber campaign was to support the Russian invasion of Georgia, and Apr 08, 2018 · Within months of Coalson’s plant in the media, Western analysts had invented a “Gerasimov doctrine” and were using it to paint a picture of a coordinated, monolithic Russian information warfare threat, a threat that extended not only to a weak and unstable Ukrainian state but (after the 2016 U. ” On Friday, the U. Jun 07, 2019 · The more antiquated IO doctrine distinguished between information warfare and information operations. S. and European leaders try to analyze and anticipate information manipulation operations and other malign activities by actors such as Russia and China, a look at the manifestations of recent Russian information manipulation in the United Kingdom provides a helpful case study in understanding Russian objectives, measures countries can Jul 26, 2018 · Russian forces also combine electronic warfare and cyberwarfare to support their information operations campaign. S. For an academic researcher it is not an easy task to define the information influence  Information War. S. Russia’s information warfare is thus a significant challenge to the West, but not a particularly novel or insuperable one. It’s the GRU that does all the real information war. S. By Scott Dunn PCWorld | Today's Best Tech Deals Picked by PCWorld's Editors Top Deals On Great Products Picked by Techconnect's Editors Keeping your personal data and surf As your business grows, so do the things that you need in order to run that growing business. Adversaries are coming at us at the strategic level in so-called peacetime. A Report by CEPA's Information Warfare Project. However, as a result of the Persian Gulf War, the 2008 Russo-Georgian War, and the Arab Spring, Russian strategic thinkers greatly elaborate on the role of information operations in conflict. Kozachok Aleksander, Prof. The hack against SolarWinds, which compromised hundreds of Fortunate 500 companies and U. , words like “meddling” and “interference,” carries with it an implicit criticism of information flowing across borders, one Mar 02, 2019 · Russian General Pitches ‘Information’ Operations as a Form of War President Vladimir V. -Russia Relations at the Harriman Institute for a virtual panel discussion about Russian information operations in East Europe. Oct 30, 2017 · Fact Sheet – Russian Social Media Information Operations. [16] Indeed, the so-called Gerasimov doctrine claims the “role of nonmilitary means of achieving political and strategic goals has grown, and, in many cases, they have exceeded the power of force or weapons in their effectiveness. Chekinov and S. Because theory envelops the Russian understanding of information as both technical data and cognitive content, ‘information resources’ are understood as technological Russia has overcome these organizational barriers, and according to RAND analyst Bruce McClintock, “The Russian information operations system, combined with the Russian form of centralized government control, allows it to launch cyber-operations with greater speed, agility, and brazenness than most analysts believe is possible in the West. In Explore global cancer data and insights. To counter Russian information warfare and to consolidate democracy and freedom in Eastern and Central Europe, the U. The country’s actions, especially during the 2016 U. Sep 04, 2018 · Since 2014, there has been a natural focus on Russian operations in Ukraine, and the Russian campaign in Syria, but the August War deserves another look in light of Russian military developments today. The propagators of these narratives in Kherson are financed by both Russian (mostly through information operations in conjunction with a conventional military operation. government running until the end of September. and Europe, including most recently the poisoning of former GRU agent Sergei Skripal, have brought previously obscure agencies to the front pages of major newspapers. ” Others suggest that the force will do both Feb 08, 2019 · In combating Russian information operations last year, Cyber Command and the National Security Agency are said to have furnished information they had obtained about Russian trolling and passed it Russian information operations pose a difficult but not insurmountable challenge to targeted governments. Eurasianism, History, and the Narrative Space: Why Russian Information Operations are So Effective. "Russia views the information sphere as a key • Russian military theorists generally do not use the terms cyber or cyberwarfare. 7 This overview is intended to orient readers to important distinctions in doctrine, capacity, and In that case, we might think of Russia’s information operations in Spanish as having “two faces,” at least when it comes to coronavirus coverage: one face, RT, serves as a more or less straight news source, while the other, consisting of sites such as Sputnik Mundo and News Front Spanish, functions as a disinformation conduit. , The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, Head of the Laborato . In the past two years, major social media companies have taken down tens of thousands of inauthentic accounts, pages, channels and groups run by actors linked to Russia and Iran alone. S. 2 Nov 02, 2020 · (CNN) US Cyber Command expanded its operations aimed at identifying malicious foreign cyber actors before Tuesday's presidential election, conducting missions to not only seek out Russian hackers, Jun 12, 2020 · Today we are disclosing 32,242 accounts to our archive of state-linked information operations — the only one of its kind in the industry. Mihkail Klimentyev/Pool Photo via AP. 2 million to fuel what the indictment called "information warfare. 1 In the early days of the pandemic, Beijing assumed a more aggressive approach to its information operations than has historically been the case. While some of the technologies leveraged towards today’s information campaigns are new, the strategies are well-established. Putin, “Солдат есть звание высокое и почетное” (‘Soldier’ is an honourable and respected rank), The aim of the current article is to provide analysis of information operations of the Russian Federation performed against the Ukrainian state and defence forces from 1 April until 31 December 2014. Asymmetric Operations and Information Security. S. May 05, 2020  4 R. See Congressional Research Service, Defense Primer: Information Operations, December 18, 2018. The account sets we’re publishing to the archive today include three distinct operations that we have attributed to the People's Republic of China (PRC), Russia, and Turkey respectively. 9 Sep 2014 How Vladimir Putin is revolutionizing information warfare. Part of the issue, some believe, is the organization of the military. As many commentators have pointed out in the past, the situation in Ukraine and Crimea is a complex, multi-faceted problem set; however, much of its origins are rooted in history. The emphasis on information operations within contemporary Russian concepts of modern war indicate that the Russian military theory establishment judge this means of war as useful and persistent. S. familiar. May 29, 2019 · Information Operations Most Americans are by now familiar with Russian information operations, and particularly those run by the Internet Research Agency, an organization bankrolled by Putin crony Yevgeniy Prigozhin. Chapter Six discusses Russia’s concept of disorganization and its impact on command and control issues. The Russian operation, which Facebook linked to the country's military intelligence services, focused primarily on Ukraine and neighbouring countries. S. The FSB's function is to ensure information security in Russia, for which purpose the FSB is given the authority to conduct wiretaps and keep an eye on e-  . officials said Tuesday. Russia’s information warfare is thus a significant challenge to the West, but not a particularly novel or insuperable one. As noted above, there is a significant loophole in the UK campaign finance law which covers donations to political parties. org/publication/rusi-journal/russian-electronic-warfare-cyber-and-information-operations-ukraine The Russian military has claimed that the effect of information war- fare can be compared to nuclear weapons. During his confirmation hearing in 2019, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Mark Milley told senators that in combating Russian actions below the threshold of military conflict, additional information operations capabilities would benefit European Command, adding he would look closely at capabilities if confirmed. Dr. When Peters wrote this novel in 1989, he was a young intelligence officer in Europe. Although they, too, took a systemic approach to leveraging audiences on all social platforms, they didn’t want to Dec 18, 2019 · In summary, the Nordic nations appear to have shown considerable resistance to Russian information operations, and are engaged with the EU and NATO in developing multinational research centers and countermeasures such as identifying and responding to disinformation, training on how to identify malicious information, coordinating the exchange of Feb 16, 2018 · The Russian group, the Internet Research Agency, had a monthly budget of $1. Russia aims to create confusion, foment distrust of all institutions, and deepen discord on just about every contentious topic, including national debates on race, immigration, policing gun control, and other issues. 18. Jul 03, 2020 · As a result of such geopolitical concerns, Kherson has become a target for Russian information operations focused on promoting the idea of the “Russian World” (“Russkiy Mir”) and pushing anti-Ukrainian sentiments (Newsua. He emphasized that state “propaganda should be smart, accurate and effective” and that that these new Apr 15, 2015 · Launch a comprehensive audit, led by U. Information Operations Need to Adapt | 3 information-related capabilities (IRCs), in concert with other lines of operation, to influence, disrupt, corrupt, or usurp the decision making of adversaries and potential adversaries while protecting our own. Indeed, Moscow is placing renewed emphasis on “information warfare” to mold the human terrain of a information to guide their decisionmaking under the quasi-accepted norms of espionage, Russia also appears willing to deploy collected information in overseas influence operations. What will be Russia’s operations are found to be consistent with a strategy of attrition. 2 V. for countering Russian information operations such as those associated with democratic processes. S. Second, Russia has historically used IPb against the Alliance with mixed success . Lame memes? The CyberWire “Russia international behavior” – Google News Spread the News Current use of information warfare operations by the Russian Fed-eration simply represents a modern, internet-age version of already well-established Soviet reality-reinventing tactics. Ukrainian forces deployed to the combat region have received text messages designed to undermine unit cohesion and troop morale. These communities consist of not only residents of the region, who identify as ethnic Russians, but also other minorities – Ukrainians, Belarussians, Poles – who speak Russian in everyday life. It's part of the trolling game. Exposure operations aim to either lay bare information that had previously been secret, and which might embarrass a government or a specific political opponent—or, they may be aimed at exposing and of information operations, or information activities, and in particular it should not be confused with cyber operations. Anyone aware of Russia’s history likely knew that Vladimir Putin would not sit idly by while Ukraine—“ eternally Russian land ”—further aligned with NATO. In other words, cyber is regarded as a mechanism for enabling the state to dominate the information landscape, which is regarded as a warfare domain Jun 17, 2014 · There is no evidence that any APT group was involved, nor that Russia has started an information war against the Ukraine to support military operations in the Crimea. org Mar 01, 2017 · “The Russian military already has psychological operations units, but they are all useless. Russia’s embassy in Arge Donald Heathfield, like his wife, had been born in a cemetery, a ghost rising from the dead. Posted By American Security Project on Oct 30, 2017. Nov 14, 2018 · Since it annexed Crimea, Russia has continued its information operations, evidenced by the establishment of Russian-filtered internet service via underwater cable. The ballot initiative could fuel the right-to-repair movement in other states, affecting makers of cars, phones, tractors, and more. The anatomy of Russian information warfare. Russia has also shown a willingness to modernize Soviet-era tools and adapt them to today’s complex information environment. International Relations  12 May 2018 In May 2014 TASS reported that, according to “a source in the Ministry of Defense ”, the troops of information operations were created in the  Within Ukraine, Russia has effectively conducted information operations leveraging TV stations and newspapers to spread Russian propaganda. During and after it 2014 invasion in Crimea, Russia sought to portray Ukraine as a corrupt ally of the “imperialist West,” and Russia as an anti-imperialist friend to Turkey. Over the past few years it has been redefined, using geopolitical theory as its foundation. Nov 12, 2020 · Analysis of known Russian information operations in Western democracies illuminates three key overarching objectives: to discredit trusted democratic institutions, to divide the Western coalition, and to undermine the supranational organizations that uphold and promote these democratic values. Russia in the late 19th and early 20th century was a massive empire, stretching from Poland to the Pacific. The Crimean operation, a case study. We don’t exclude the possibility that we missed some details, since the spectrum of tools of the information influence is quite broad. Phone: +371 26533953. Jun 16, 2017 · There has been a lot of hysteria (and casual dismissal) about Russian Information Operations in regard to the election, lately. According to Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov′s statement made in mid-October 2015, prior to the start of its operations in Syria, Russia invited the United States to join the Baghdad-based information center but received what he called an "unconstructive" response. In early 2018, the Justice Department Special Counsel  28 Nov 2019 But propaganda hasn't always prevailed. The Russian government filed a request with Interpol to get more information about the location of a Russian CIA asset living in Washington, DC, the&n 3 Dec 2016 Next, read this · Russian ruble plunges versus the US dollar as new sanctions take effect · WTI Crude price trends · Russian techniques for information warfare and psyops · Russia's actual ge 28 Feb 2019 Russia is increasing its capacity to challenge the United States in multiple domains, including attempting to also allow adversaries to decrypt information, which could help them target U. Photo Credit: Mikhail Klimentyev/AFP via Getty Images By: Madison Creery, Columnist Although Russia’s latent cyber capabilities are only ranked sixth in the world, Russia is the second most active state in the realm of offensive cyber operations. They supported Russian efforts during the annexation of Crimea in March 2014 and remain underway. The East European nations formerly controlled by the Soviet Union remain the targets of intense Russian information operations, aimed at undermining their relationships with the EU and painting a Jul 05, 2017 · We show how these insights reveal aspects of how master narratives are instantiated, and how sentiment plays out on a large scale, in Russian discourse relating to NATO. Uku Arold. elections) as a threat to the entire world of Western liberal democracy. and the west start to think like China and Russia that transnational internet communication needs to Jan 31, 2020 · As U. "The operation was divided into departments including Jun 08, 2020 · Russian Election Interference. The Democrats are claiming that the Kremlin “hacked” the election, while the Republicans are demanding proof of actual Russian cyber warfare to effect the election results, which so far is not forthcoming. Techniques and Counter-strategies to Russian. , has used its ties with a Russian government information center, InfoRos, and other websites to push out English-language disinformation and Russia has invested heavily in its influence operations—most notably in its use of information warfare—as a tactic to pursue these goals and level the playing field. Russia uses ideological, historical, political symbols and narratives for justifying and supporting their military, economic and political campaigns not only in Donbass but in the whole of Ukraine. When right and left- wing activists threatened to sue the Southern Poverty Law Center 9 May 2018 abroad in coordination with Russian foreign intelligence. The Russian influence campaign involved 187 million “engagements” with Instagram users – outperforming Facebook engagement, researchers found. S. Andrii Telizhenko span a web of stor This is a joint investigation by The Daily Beast and the Dossier Center. According to this theory, information warfare is a means used by the state to achieve its ends in international, regional and domestic politics and also to gain geopolitical advantage. S. Operations,” Swedish Defence Research Establishment (FOI)  1 Aug 2018 This thesis seeks to illuminate how information operations supports Russia's strategy for creating power for the state. org Jun 10, 2019 · Russian Information Warfare (informatsionaya voyna) is rooted in Soviet thinking, dating back to the beginning of the Cold War in the form of spetspropaganda (special propaganda). S. Russian Information Warfare Seminar (RIWS) SCOPE: The seminar is a small-group event covering topics related to the real-world application of Russian IW strategies, doctrine and tactics. can  6 Aug 2020 From Russia's "best-in-class" efforts at widening social divides in Western democracies to China's blunt attacks on dissidents, information  5 May 2020 Webinar — Disinformation pandemic: Russian and Chinese information operations in the COVID-19 era. Russia aims to create confusion, foment distrust of all institutions, and deepen discord on Dec 09, 2020 · Dec 9, 2020. This piece addresses the adoption of information technologies and cyber tools in Russian information operations in Chechnya, Estonia, Georgia, and Ukraine. In a military publication from 1999, IO is defined as “…actions taken to affect adversary information and information systems while defending one’s own information and information systems. However, t The Russian Revolution began with the February Revolution in March 1917, when hungry These were the long term causes of the Russian Revolution, the factors which eroded the Tsarist government in the run up to 1917. election was but one part of a much larger information operations campaign—a campaign that is now believed to have involved layered operations security, psychological operations, and active dissemination of disinformation. needs to reinvigorate its public diplomacy efforts, using both traditional TV Finland is becoming increasingly worried about what it sees as Russian propaganda said his network has verified around 20 cases of clear information operations against Finland from the past Understanding how these new technologies are used to create an asymmetric advantage in wartime is critical for developing effective countermeasures. Lung cancer remains the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death worldwide because of inadequate tobacco control policies. Recent Russian Information Operations (IO) and election interference should have come as no surprise to Western Governments, given that it reflects the trend of an increasingly belligerent and provocative Russia, willing to use the full range of levers available to advance its foreign policy objectives. U. Valery V. S. ” Others suggest that the force will do both Russian Disinformation: How U. The East European nations formerly controlled by the Soviet Union remain the targets of intense Russian information operations, aimed at undermining their relationships with the EU and painting a nostalgic, positive picture of their Soviet past. 2014-05-22. The fall of the Soviet Union and the subsequent surge for independence among the republics once dominated by communist leadership ushered in an era that many believed spelled the end of tensions between Russia and the West. Treasury Department. But countermeasures should be flexible and adaptable: any success in countering Moscow’s operations will invariably cause the Kremlin to deploy new capabilities. Information operations, and the concept of psychological operations, is not a new concept in Russian military thought as it has roots in the Soviet Union. 4 Jan 2019 Understanding Russian information war strategy means looking at Although you'd have to interview a Russian IO strategist to really find out,  2 Apr 2020 Virtual Event: Russian Information Operations in East Europe · Join the Program on US-Russia Relations for a presentation by Tymofii Brik. While Russia had some success at the operational level—it successfully crippled Georgian command-and-control systems—it largely failed at the strategic level. May 01, 2017 · Congress' new spending bill includes $100M to counter Russian information operations. Apr 21, 2019 · Russia’s information operations in Turkey seemed to disappear almost entirely after the first Putin-Erdogan meeting in St. The cyber attacks were originated by botnets, the flood attacks were using spoofed IP addresses, and the packets were coming from all BGP peers. Tens of thousands of indep Keep your Web surfing private with this portable, anonymous browser. Suddenly, the U. Nov 07, 2020 · In its latest report, excerpts from which we publish below, the foundation analyzes Russian infosphere-based information and psychological operations targeting relations between Poland and Ukraine. Russia’s ability to evolve its use of information operations to leverage social media and the cyber domain continues to shock and challenge the world community. Since Russia's '  PECULIARITIES OF RUSSIAN. Russia’s influence playbook When it comes to competition “below the level of armed conflict,” such as information operations meant to influence adversaries, the U. S. On Tuesday, Twitter Safety published an archive of 373 accounts believed to be working in the service of foreign governments or entities. Frighteningly, Russia has continued “a digital blitzkrieg that has pummeled Ukraine for the past three years—a sustained cyber­assault unlike any the world has ever seen. Gerasimov in Moscow last year. Critically, it has been willing to afford information-based activities primacy in operations, using more conventional military forces in a Mar 14, 2018 · Because Russia’s information operations troops conduct technical and cognitive operations in an integrated way,” he said. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the world's largest, and it is one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The handbook’s target audience is NATO servicemen and officials who are unfamiliar with Russian principles of warfighting, but require an introduction to this essential element of how Address: 11b Kalnciema str. S. officer, whose “theory of special operations,” including information operations, has reportedly been adopted as the basis for Russian military instructional and training materials. S. Russia’s information operations strategy was slightly different from ISIS’. Yet the full significance of this development cannot be understood without appreciating the broader alignment between Russia and China. Putin of Russia with Gen. What is the nature of Russian information operations and how much of a threat do they pose to America? Four leading experts from America and Russia debated the issue. S. ”[17] Mar 01, 2017 · “The Russian military already has psychological operations units, but they are all useless. General Gerasimov said Saturday that Sep 22, 2017 · Putin’s stated goal is the restoration of “Great Russia. A baby boy had been born on Feb. ” Others suggest that the force will do both But the gaping hole at the center of both hearings was the virtual absence of questions on the tactics and purpose of Russian information operations conducted against Americans on Facebook during Disinformation pandemic: Russian and Chinese information operations in the COVID-19 era Foreign and Defense Policy Asia Europe and Eurasia Tuesday, May 5, 2020 | 10:00 AM to 11:00 AM ET 1 (U) For purposes of this Volume, "information warfare" refers to Russia's strategy for the use and management of information to pursue a competitive advantage. In this regard, Soviet active measures [aktivnie meropriyatiya] operations  22 Feb 2017 Russia plans to form a new branch of its armed forces to focus on information warfare, the country's defence minister has said. ” See full list on csis. On Tuesday, Twitter Safety published an archive of 373 accounts believed to be working in the service of foreign governments or entities. personnel and military oper Gergel V. Information operations and warfare, also known as influence operations, includes the collection of tactical information about an adversary as well as the dissemination of propaganda in pursuit of a competitive advantage over an opponent. Six men await trial in Moscow and Buenos Aires, charged with operating one of the craziest, most ambitious narco-trafficking rings in history. government agencies, appears to be a work of espionage. May 26, 2020 · Several accounts of China’s information operations have noted the incorporation of Russian disinformation tactics. A. The main purpose of Russia’s information campaign, as part of hybrid warfare, is to undermine its opponents. 12. Sep 02, 2020 · It's an absolutely typical part of Russian information operations. Canada and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau were targeted by state-backed information operations, a newly released trove of Twitter data revels. Dec 16, 2016 · The offensive hacking component of Russia’s activities to disrupt the U. 4, 1962, in Canada, the third of four children of Howard and Shirley. elections, have brought cyber information operations out of the shadows and into the limelight. . Abstract. military isn’t keeping up with information-warfare threats from Russia, Iran, and China, defense officials told lawmakers on Tuesday, adding that the military needs to prioritize 2 days ago · The variety of Russian operations against the United States in recent months clearly illustrates the need for a more refined framework. Jul 20, 2017 · Russian information operations in the Baltic States are directed mainly at Russian-speaking minority communities. I was honored to receive the 2020 Dissertation Grant for Graduate Students on March 11, 2020, for my research project titled “Polarization and Paralysis: Russian Information Operations in Estonia and Latvia. org Characteristically, these operations serve Russia’s broader interests and are often integrated with other means to broaden national power, military strength, and covert operations. Petersburg. The project’s core argument held that the objective of Russian info ops in both countries was not to persuade target audiences in Moscow’s favor, but rather to polarize them along ethnolinguistic and ideological cleavages, generating political polarization that Russian information operations in Ukraine were in place before the Third Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius on 28-29 November 2013. Join the Program on U. e-mail: info [at] stratcomcoe [dot] org Please join the Program on U. "The Handbook of Russian Information Warfare" is an introductory guide to Russia's doctrine and activities in this field, including elements of cyber warfare. May 09, 2020 · Russia's hostile information operations are continuous and extend to a broad range of domestic issues. Russia aims to create confusion, foment distrust of all institutions, and deepen discord on just about every contentious topic, including national debates on race, immigration, policing gun control, and other issues. THOMAS FOREIGN MILITARY STUDIES OFFICE FORT LEAVENWORTH, KS 66048 FEBRUARY 2004 Disclaimer The views expressed in this report are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of See full list on csis. Jul 28, 2020 · Russian military intelligence, known as the G. Bogdanov,  Russian Electronic Warfare, Cyber and Information Operations in rusi. It is a recognised nuclear-weapon state, possessing the world's largest stockpile of nuclear weapons. It imagines a Soviet ground invasion of West Germany. officials said, a warning that the Kremlin’s The Russian military operations have been greatly enhanced by cyber-enabled techniques and the integration of information warfare at the operational level of warfare. Corey M. Inauthenticity as phishbait, NFTs as investments. Oct 13, 2020 · FBI agents recorded several exchanges where the Russians passed large amounts of cash to each other in public places – to help finance their operations – and one instance where $60,000 was So Western countries dozily closed down their vestigial information-warfare operations, such as the United States Information Agency. Dec 17, 2018 · The study from New Knowledge and others also shows how Russian operatives shifted their focus to Instagram in 2017 as the Twitter and Facebook operations garnered media attention. Information warfare has a long tradition in Russia. The current Russian practice of information warfare combines a number of tried and tested tools of influence with a new embrace of modern technology and capabilities such as the Dec 05, 2018 · Russia's President Vladimir Putin and Chief of the General Staff Gen. The operations of a company can be the las The Russian Revolution began with the February Revolution in March 1917, when hungry protesters and industrial workers rioted in St. In recent years, Russian digital information operations, including disinformation, fake news, and election meddling have assumed prominence in international news and scholarly research outlets. Russia has emerged as the most prolific foreign actor engaging in these operations – targeting at least 37 countries across the transatlantic space since 2000“Authoritarian Interference Tracker,” Alliance For Oct 08, 2018 · The Russian and Syrian regimes are mounting “extremely aggressive” information operations, spreading disinformation and distorted narratives on social media in a bid to shape the strategic Russian soft power and non-military information influence pose significant threats to the integrity of NATO in the Baltic States. COMPARING US, RUSSIAN, AND CHINESE INFORMATION OPERATIONS CONCEPTS BY MR. Rather than promoting Russia itself, it seeks to achieve gradual decomposition of the institutional framework and security architecture of Europe. And I have seen it with various different operations that have been taken down. The former Ukrainian diplomat at the center of outlandish Republican claims that Kyiv not Moscow had intervened in the 2016 presidential race has been formally sanctioned by the U. information operations as a peacetime operation and the desire to communicate Russian perspectives on international processes are implemented as policy through Russia’s various state- controlled media platforms such as RT and Sputnik, which the Kremlin has tried to position as Latvia in the Crosshairs: Russian Information Warfare and Appropriate Countermeasures. Propaganda in Central and Eastern Europe. The small Iranian operation used accounts and The term, as it is employed by Russian military theorists, is a holistic concept that includes computer network operations, electronic warfare, psychological operations, and information operations. Using classic military  5 Jul 2019 For those working in Facebook's information operations disruption — or stem Russian interference in 2016 and for the spread of fake news. Russian hybrid warfare: what are effects-based network operations and how to counteract them. Information warfare is a “holistic concept that includes computer network operations, electronic warfare, psychological operations, and information operations. Apr 02, 2020 · The East European nations formerly controlled by the Soviet Union remain the targets of intense Russian information operations, aimed at undermining their relationships with the EU and painting a nostalgic, positive picture of their Soviet past. Sergei Shoigu's  15 Nov 2018 Russian information warfare at home and abroad. One way of understanding Russia’s actions in the information arena and how it views threats and the protection of Russian sovereignty is to study officially published doctrines, policy documents, and statements by representatives of the regime. 3 May 2017 The same is true, he added, when something is published by RT (formerly Russia Today) or Sputik—it's clear that the Russian government has  ONI's most recent unclassified report on Russia's navy, The Russian Navy - A looks historically and currently at the role played by Russian naval forces. In the information age, Russian analysts have recognized that information technologies can be used in coming conflicts where there will be no clearly drawn battle Jul 07, 2017 · The latest report includes new information on Russian information warfare operations, including the cyber-enabled psychological warfare operations. Countries including Russia, China and Iran have demonstrated the ability to operate a full-spectrum capability set that spans both traditional and social media ecosystems. Tyler Fox | 03. A key component of that overall effort has been focused on social media. Russian information operations in Ukraine do not herald a new era of theoretical or doctrinal advances, although they aim, in part, to create precisely this impression. Oct 24, 2017 · What followed this incident was the continued evolution of Russia’s information operations and its engrained familiarity with its use, present in mainstream Russian military thought. Jan 18, 2018 · For Russia’s part, its state-sponsored hacking arms (such as Fancy Bear) remain highly active, capable and influential, the report said, with retaliatory and cyber-influence activity expecting to ramp up as it is increasingly isolated from the West following election interference and information operations against Western democracies. P. Later, aiming to eradicate the information and attitudes negative to the Kremlin from the virtual space, cyber 12 Sep 2019 Russian President Vladimir Putin. This article explores the dynamics of digital (dis)information in the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. Both countries' specialists closely study electronic warfare and command and control systems of other countries, and both stress the importance of the use of computers and information management in the preparation and conduct of modern combat operations. Heickerö, “Emerging Cyber Threats and Russian Views on Information Warfare and Information. To influence relations between Poland and Ukraine, create a negative mutual perception of Polish and Ukrainian societies, Russians target all areas of the infosphere: virtual area (cyberspace), physical area (physical actions and events), and cognitive area (the way we interpret Mar 17, 2021 · The U. The new Russia doesn't just deal in the petty disinformation, forgeries, lies, leaks,  27 Feb 2017 The new propaganda and cyber-warfare division of Russia's ministry of defence is staffed by 1000 people and has a budget of €300 million. S. Russian military theorists generally do not use the terms cyber or cyberwarfare. S. Russia's economy is the world's eleventh-largest by nominal GDP and the sixth-largest by PPP. May 11, 2020 · Russia's hostile information operations are continuous and extend to a broad range of domestic issues. indirect operations. In some instances, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) even deployed tactics taken from Russia’s intentionally disruptive playbook. This fact sheet aims to illustrate the challenge the United States faces from Russian social media information operations. 29 May 2019 Here I will sketch out three main types of influence operations – information operations, elite infiltration, and destabilization operations – and  2 Nov 2018 At least as far back as March 2017, a Defense Information School presentation to Army public affairs officers identified disinformation on social  13 Dec 2016 Russian cyber operations against the United States aim to both collect information and develop offensive capabilities against future targets. can do more — and  21 Jul 2020 If you notice a looming crisis in a Western country, a Russian propaganda campaign may be waiting in the wings. ” 6 This paper briefly overviews United States and NATO information operations (IO) doctrine and contrasts those with current analysis of Russian concepts of information warfare. methods and tools of russian information operations used against ukrainian armed forces: the assessments of ukrainian experts vladimir sazonov, kristiina müür and igor kopõtin introduction 7klv fkdswhu jlyhv dq ryhuylhz ri wkh phwkrgv dqg whfkqltxhv xvhg e\ 5xvvld lq lwv lqirupdwlrq rshudwlrqv djdlqvw wkh 8nudlqldq dup\ lq dqg Apr 16, 2020 · “We're seeing Russian, Chinese and Iranian state information operations converging around the same disinformation narrative about COVID-19,” Lea Gabrielle, head of the State Department’s Although Russian cyberattacks are not new, their increased frequency, sophistication and long-term nature, coupled with the potential use of information gleaned from these attacks for future malign influence operations, pose growing risk to nations' information systems, infrastructure and democratic institutions. Over the past several years, Russia has engaged in an unprecedented effort to attempt to influence American politics. It’s the GRU that does all the real information war. Collier. From office infrastructure to phone and conferencing systems, there's a lot of things to keep together. 5 KB. The hack against SolarWinds, which compromised hundreds of Fortunate 500 companies and U. Russia's armed forces have set up troops for "informational operations," the country's defense minister said, in a speech during which he declared that "propaganda must be smart, competent and According to Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov′s statement made in mid-October 2015, prior to the start of its operations in Syria, Russia invited the United States to join the Baghdad-based information center but received what he called an "unconstructive" response. Mar 03, 2019 · When discussing a blend of military, political and information operations, Russian strategists use the terms "complex approach" or "new generation war," according to Mr Ivan Konovalov, a military Mar 01, 2017 · “The Russian military already has psychological operations units, but they are all useless. Russian media, disinformation, and propaganda, manipulation of political processes, infiltration of Russian language education, and organization of ethnic Russians through formal and informal foreign policy structures in Russia, as the examples presented in this chapter suggest, is the conception of cyber attacks as an organic element of a long- standing approach to political war-fare and information operations (IO). TIMOTHY L. Finding similarities in the Russian and U. Chapter Seven offers nine Russian cyber and information issues for consideration. S. Russian and Chinese information operations. It’s the GRU that does all the real information war. Below is a lightly edited Nov 24, 2019 · Twelve Russian military officers have been indicted for breaking into the Democratic Party's computers, stealing compromising information and selectively releasing it to undermine candidates. Drozdova used the Cuban Missile Crisis as an example of a Russian information operation, as the Soviets used strategic communication with the US in an attempt Russian ‘Cyber Troops’: A Weapon of Aggression Eurasia Daily Monitor: Speaking to the Russian parliament (Duma) last February, Russian Minister of Defense Sergei Shoigu announced the creation of “information operations troops” (“cyber troops”) within the Armed Forces. Ames volunteered to work for the KGB in April 1985 as a walk-in to the Soviet Embassy in Washington and continued to work for the SVR after the fall of the Soviet Union. 28 Feb 2019 Russia has invested heavily in its influence operations—most notably in its use of information warfare—as a tactic to pursue these goals and  25 Sep 2019 And if we look at two of the biggest players in this arena—Russia and China— their operations have very different strategic goals and typically use  23 Oct 2020 The evidence that there are Russian information operations aimed at the United States is overwhelming. It’s the GRU that does all the real information war. 8 Oct 2018 The Russian and Syrian regimes are mounting “extremely aggressive” information operations, spreading disinformation and distorted  20 Nov 2017 'disinformation')1 is to: (1) analyse the facts of Russian interference in so– both military operations and information warfare at the same time. S. Sep 08, 2020 · The Department of Homeland Security has found that Russia is spreading disinformation regarding former Vice President Joe Biden’s mental health, according to a DHS bulletin obtained by ABC News. This fact sheet documents Russian social media influence operations in the US. When it comes to Russia, information operations targeting Europe are part of a larger set of tactics employed by the Kremlin with the ultimate goal of preserving its superpower prestige, restoring influence across the eastern region formerly part of the Soviet Union, and dominating in its political and economic relations with Western European Feb 28, 2019 · For these information operations, Russia has invested heavily in a whole-of-government approach that taps into the government’s sprawling intelligence and espionage capabilities, criminal networks Mar 09, 2017 · Fake News and Russian Information Operations The Foreign Policy Research Institute is dedicated to producing the highest quality scholarship and nonpartisan policy analysis focused on crucial foreign policy and national security challenges facing the United States. In Russian discussions and practice, distinguishing cyber war from IO is virtu- This is reflected in Russia’s latest military doctrine, approved December 2014, comments by public officials, and Moscow’s aggressive use of influence operations. Apr 01, 2019 · It makes digital information operations a low-cost, low-risk, high-impact means of attack. Following a short stint with democracy in the 1990’s that coincided with national embarrassment, soaring levels of poverty, widespread corruption, war, and instability; Putin has rebuilt the country May 11, 2020 · Russia's hostile information operations are continuous and extend to a broad range of domestic issues. It appears that hackers, quite likely with ties to the Russian government, broke into the servers of George Soros’ Open Society Foundations and released documents. intelligence agencies and the State Department’s International Information Programs office, of Russian information operations in the United States and Russian information warfare isn’t all about subversion; it has an important military-technical component that shapes how Russian leaders think about information technology. . Dubbed the “Countering Russian Influence Fund,” the new initiative is designed to provide support to “civil society organizations and other entities” based in Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia. February 2019 Dazed and Confused : Russian “Information Warfare” and the Middle East – The Syria Lessons. ” 13 Mar 12, 2020 · On Twitter, 71 accounts linked to the Russian-run operations in Ghana and Nigeria spread similar messages in an effort to “sow discord by engaging in conversations about social issues, like race May 29, 2020 · The paper asserts that although Russia's doctrine suggests a defensive and cooperative posture in response to threats in the information space, officials' promulgations and military literature reveal a predilection for the development of offensive cyber capabilities and operations, which are shaped by Russia's threat perceptions and doctrine In his work with the Directorate of Operations, Ames was able to obtain information pertaining to ongoing operations targeting the former Soviet Union and later Russia. Nov 19, 2015 · We start off with some clauses: to the Russian information operations conducted in Ukraine we include the whole range of communicative influence Russia makes. If hostile information warfare is directed against  24 Oct 2017 In particular, it will make the case that Russia's approach in cyber operations is divided into two parts: information-technical, which aligns with  Russian cyber-enabled influence and information operations have a proven record of challenging United States and NATO interests. However, explicitly or implicitly both accounts also recognize the legitimacy of such activities. Mar 01, 2020 · Russian operations against ISIS in the open deserts of Deir-es-Zor in 2017 especially reflected an improved reconnaissance-strike complex according to Lavrov: “For the first time, videos released But Russia’s cyber efforts have not been limited to financial fraud and information operations. Six weeks later, on March 23, Shirley found Advice from a top digital agency on rebooting e-commerce in the age of Covid-19. -Russia Relations at the Harriman Institute for a panel discussion about Russian information operations in East Europe. Feb 11, 2018 · They also help paint a veneer of political legitimacy to Russian military operations. e Ukraine con ict has provided clear demonstrations of how Russia sees 22 hours ago · Diplomacy and information operations. Chapter Eight explores the invisible aspect of the information environment (underwater cables, satellites, electrons, etc. The same scenario was used by USSR  4 Oct 2018 Netherlands defense chief says operation against OPCW by 4 agents of Russia's GRU military intelligence agency was disrupted Receive updates, offers & other information from the CBS family of companies & our Joint operational-strategic doctrine "Combat Brotherhood-2018": 11 main facts in the preparation of the Collective participation in the peacekeeping operations of the All-Russian Institute of Advanced Studies of the Ministry 25 Dec 2018 In order to achieve domestic political stability, Russia strengthened its control on the field of information. S. Nov 09, 2019 · Even the language used in describing the Russian operations in the U. Instead, they conceptualize cyber operations within the broader framework of information warfare, a holistic concept that includes computer network operations, electronic warfare, psychological operations, and information operations. INFORMATION OPERATIONS. ” Further documentation from the Department of Defense’s cyber Dec 16, 2019 · In the 2018 article “Stoking the Flames: Russian Information Operations in Turkey,” published in the journal Ukraine Analytica, University of Copenhagen political scientist Balkan Devlen details Russia’s shifting propaganda narrative targeting Turkish audiences. ” Russian information operations in Ukraine do not herald a new era of theoretical or doctrinal advances, although they aim, in part, to create precisely this impression. ). S. Much has changed since then in the Russian armed forces, but the war still offers valuable insights. Valery Gerasimov at a military academy reception. military blocked Internet access to an infamous Russian entity seeking to sow discord among Americans during the 2018 midterms, several U. Introduction. At least $100 million in funding specifically to counter Russian information operations will be available under a newly unveiled spending bill to keep the U. The strategy of a hybrid or irregular war followed by real war was developed in the USSR. can do more — and has the capacity to do so, the commander of U. government agencies, appears to be a work of espionage. Over the past few years   The Digital and Cyberspace Policy Program has launched a new Cyber Brief. Putin came to power in 2000, and since then, information control and manipulation has  31 Mar 2017 How Russia became an expert at information warfare - and the risks that poses for Europe. approaches to information operations (IO) is not a difficult task. ” In practice, information battles clearly draw Mar 01, 2017 · “The Russian military already has psychological operations units, but they are all useless. S. G. When the Putin regime took power and seized control of broadcast media, outsiders felt sorry for the Russians, but refused to accept that Oct 21, 2020 · Nina has a new book, How to Lose the Information War: Russia, Fake News, and the Future of Conflict, and also took part in ISD’s information operations working group. information operations during large-scale combat operations: (1) the focus is the information regardless of the capabilities employed to effect it; (2) successful information operations are operations—integrated, synchro-nized, resourced and commander-led from inception to execution; and (3) Feb 23, 2021 · Canada and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau were targeted by state-backed information operations, a newly released trove of Twitter data reveals. ” Others suggest that the force will do both Information operations, a key component of Russia’s contemporary way of war, encompasses all the uses of information and disinformation, by states or nonstate actors, as a tool of state power and includes military information support operations, cyberspace operations, electronic Mar 14, 2019 · When it comes to competition “below the level of armed conflict,” such as information operations meant to influence adversaries, the U. More nefariously, Russia has repeatedly deployed cyber-activities in countries like Estonia and The methodology is generally understood by Russian planners to be applicable in a wide variety of situations, and is deeply rooted within Russian Information Warfare concepts. S. of information and cyber operations in Russia’s information warfare doctrine and will analyze the recruitment efforts and modus operandi of Russia’s cyber departments, particularly psychological and cyber operations units within military intelligence. S. European Command said. For example, the Russian concept of IW describes preemptive operations to achieve political goals and to control the information space  30 Oct 2017 Russia has engaged in an effort to influence American politics. Now, state and nonstate actors are frequently using similar techniques to influence the public and achieve political goals once only attainable through armed conflict. They cut back and diluted foreign-language broadcasts in Russian. Section 230 reform and content moderation. Iasiello reviews Russia's information operations in its 2008 invasion of Georgia, and finds that Georgia  2 Sep 2016 describe as Information Warfare (IW): the range of military and manipulation of publicly available information on Russian activities in Ukraine. S. This method of warfare is also used as an argument for the need to “respond with war to the information war waged against Russia. Editor’s Note. is committed to making its electronic and information technologies a A review of Russia and China's cyber capabilities and implications for the U. S. Breast cancer accounts for almost a quarter of n Do you ever feel like an Ivan? Think you'd do better in life as an Anastasia or an Anatoli? Do you have dreams of being Dmitri? Or a surge towards Sergei? If you've always felt you needed a truly Russian name, now's your chance to find out Thus, Russia's cyber capabilities are well documented and established. Oct 14, 2019 · In a world increasingly interconnected by technology, democratic governments are grappling with how to defend against and counter information operations targeting their societies. S. Petersburg in August 2016—the first meeting after the Su-24 incident. In other words, China’s adoption of Russian information operation techniques is about more than “authoritarian learning,” or the passive diffusion of such practices from one authoritarian regime to the next. Instead, they conceptualize cyber operations within the broader framework of information warfare,a holistic concept that includes computer network operations, electronic warfare, psychological operations, and information operations. Mar 17, 2021 · The U. The paper will conclude by examining the likely future of Russia’s behavior in cyberspace Russia’s effective information operations not only disoriented and hampered the West’s response, but also helped create a substantial portion of the population with pro-Russian beliefs willing to support the Kremlin’s military operations; a significant portion of the remaining population in Dontesk (which is estimated to only contain 25% Russia’s information warfare theory has been developed in opposition to the new generation Western warfare concepts. Riga, LV1048, Latvia. S. This change in Jul 28, 2020 · WASHINGTON (AP) — Russian intelligence services are using a trio of English-language websites to spread disinformation about the coronavirus pandemic, seeking to exploit a crisis that America is struggling to contain ahead of the presidential election in November, U. R. This one examines ways to counter Russian information operations on social … 24 Sep 2020 American digital democracy promotion can be understood as yet another chapter in the rising prominence of information operations in global  10 Jun 2019 What is Information Warfare? Russian Information Warfare (informatsionaya voyna) is rooted in Soviet thinking, dating back to the beginning of  When it comes to competition “below the level of armed conflict,” such as information operations meant to influence adversaries, the U. russian information operations